For over six decades, nuclear energy has been a reliable source of electricity generation. Despite public concerns, the data shows that nuclear energy is much safer than fossil fuels. Recent innovations have further reduced the risks associated with nuclear power plants. Studies in major scientific journals have found that nuclear power plants are the safest way to produce reliable electricity.
So why are we so afraid of them?Nuclear power sources are dangerous because they emit particles of radiation and energy released from unstable molecules that try to calm down. These radioactive missiles can impact the human body and damage cells or DNA. A sufficient amount of radiation can cause cancer or transmit genetic mutations to your children, while too much can kill you directly. The risk of accidents at nuclear power plants is low due to a fundamental principle of operation: the operator is responsible for safety. Nuclear energy is also a clean energy source with no emissions, making it a valuable option for achieving carbon neutrality.
To ensure optimal safety, nuclear plants in the Western world operate with a “defense in depth” approach, with multiple safety systems that complement the natural characteristics of the reactor core. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS) was developed during a series of expert-level meetings from 1992 to 1994. It was the result of considerable work by Governments, national nuclear safety authorities and the IAEA Secretariat. The Chernobyl disaster in 1986 was a stark reminder of the potential risks associated with nuclear energy. Radioactive material was released along with several chemical explosions, which were initiated by the immense heat released by nuclear reactions. In conclusion, evidence over six decades shows that nuclear energy is a safe means of generating electricity. Recent innovations could soon reduce risks even further. The IAEA Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS) has been developed to ensure optimal safety and prevent disasters like Chernobyl from happening again.
Despite public concerns, the data clearly show that nuclear energy is a much safer source of energy than fossil fuels.