The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is responsible for licensing facilities, commercial use of nuclear materials, inspecting facilities, and creating standards and regulations for nuclear power plant safety. The NRC requires that nuclear power plants and some nuclear fuel facilities have significant safety measures. Research and test reactors, holders of radiological material and others licensed by the NRC must also have safety measures in place. With the exception of thermonuclear weapons and experimental fusion research, all safety concerns specific to nuclear energy stem from the need to limit the biological absorption of the compromised dose (ingestion or inhalation of radioactive materials) and the external radiation dose due to contamination radioactive.
The book The Doomsday Machine, for example, offers a series of examples of domestic regulators, as they say, “they don't regulate, they just say hello” (a pun on resignation) to argue that, in Japan, for example, regulators and regulators have long been friends, working together to compensate for the doubts of a public taken on the horror of nuclear bombs. The nuclear power industry has improved reactor safety and performance, and proposed new and safer reactor designs. Robust security is achieved in layers, with multiple approaches working simultaneously, just as safety in nuclear power plants is achieved through duplicate backup systems. The time from the start of construction of a commercial nuclear power plant to the safe disposal of its last radioactive waste can be 100 to 150 years.
The convention was drafted after the Three Mile Island and Chernobyl accidents in a series of expert-level meetings from 1992 to 1994, and was the result of considerable work by States, including their national nuclear regulatory and safety authorities, and the International Atomic Energy Agency, which acts as Secretariat of the Convention. The Federation of American Scientists has said that for the use of nuclear energy to expand significantly, nuclear facilities will need to be extremely safe from attacks that could release massive amounts of radioactivity into the community. The report was quoted in a 2004 statement from the Japan Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, but it appears that TEPCO did not take adequate steps to address the risk. The failure of multiple safety features in nuclear power plants has raised doubts about the nation's engineering prowess.
Nuclear safety is defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as achieving adequate operating conditions, preventing accidents or mitigating the consequences of accidents, resulting in the protection of workers, the public and the environment from radiation hazards undue. The law also mandated the NRC to increase the scope of the “design-based threat,” that is, the threat against which nuclear power plants must be protected. Timely exchange of accurate information between the NRC, other federal agencies and the nuclear industry is critical to preventing or mitigating the effects of terrorist attacks. While the safety of nuclear facilities and materials regulated by the NRC has always been a priority, the September terrorist attack.
Nuclear power plants operate in most of the country's states and produce about 20 percent of the country's energy. Safety measures are especially strict for the vital area, which contains the reactor and associated security systems, the control room, the spent fuel pool and the main security alarm stations. The Hanford site is a mostly dismantled nuclear production complex on the Columbia River in the U.