Nuclear equipment, including reactors, fuel cycle facilities and nuclear materials, are controlled by the NRC according to 10 CFR Part 110 standards. Nuclear technological and technical assistance and services are controlled by the DOE under the provisions of. UNITED NATIONS (AP) The UN,. The nuclear chief warned that Europe's largest nuclear power plant in Ukraine “is completely out of control” and issued an urgent appeal to Russia and Ukraine to quickly allow experts to visit the extensive complex to stabilize the situation and avoid a nuclear accident.
Grossi cited many violations of the plant's safety, adding that it is “in a place where war is ongoing, close to Russian-controlled territory. The physical integrity of the plant has not been respected, he said, citing the bombings at the beginning of the war when it was taken and continued information from Ukraine and Russia accusing each other of attacks in Zaporizhia. “There is “a paradoxical situation in which the plant is controlled by Russia, but its Ukrainian personnel continue to carry out its nuclear operations, leading to inevitable moments of friction and alleged violence,” he said. While the IAEA has some contacts with staff, they are “flawed and “irregular,” he said.
The Russian capture of Zaporizhia renewed fears that the largest of Ukraine's 15 nuclear reactors could be damaged, triggering another emergency, such as the 1986 Chernobyl accident, the world's worst nuclear disaster, which occurred about 110 kilometers (65 miles) north of the capital, Kiev. Russian forces occupied the heavily contaminated site shortly after the invasion, but returned control to Ukrainians in late March. Grossi visited Chernobyl on April 27 and tweeted that the security level was “like a flashing “red light”. But he said Tuesday that the IAEA established “an assistance mission in Chernobyl at the time” that has been very, very successful so far.
The IAEA needs to go to Zaporizhzhia, as it did to Chernobyl, to find out the facts of what is really happening there, to carry out repairs and inspections and “to prevent a nuclear accident from happening,” Grossi said. The head of the IAEA said that he and his team need protection to reach the plant and urgent cooperation of Russia and Ukraine. Each party wants this international mission to go from different places, which is understandable in the light of territorial integrity and political considerations, he said, but there is something more urgent and that is to take the IAEA team to Zaporizhia. Grossi was in New York to deliver a keynote speech at Monday's opening of the long-overdue high-level meeting to review the historic 50-year-old Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty aimed at preventing the spread of nuclear weapons and, ultimately, achieving a world free of nuclear weapons.
Grossi said there is “an ongoing effort to try to go to another meeting or round to explore the possibilities of reaching an agreement.”. He said he heard that the meeting “could be soon. Grossi said that “there are important differences between the negotiating parties and important verification issues related to past activities that Iran needs to address. If the nuclear deal, known as the JCPOA, is not extended, he said some IAEA inspections will continue.
But the JCPOA provides for transparency and additional inspections “which I consider extremely important, very necessary, due to the breadth and depth of Iran's nuclear program,” he said. Grossi emphasized that cooperating with the IAEA, answering their questions, allowing its inspectors to go where they need to be, is essential for Iran to build trust and trust. On another issue, Grossi said last September's agreement, in which the United States and Great Britain will provide Australia with nuclear reactors to power their submarines, requires an agreement with the IAEA to ensure that the amount of nuclear material on the ship when it leaves the port is there when it returns. He said Australia has not decided what type of ship it will receive, so while there have been preparatory talks, substantive talks cannot begin.
Because it's a military ship, Grossi said, “there are many confidentiality and information protection measures that need to be included in any such agreement, so it's very technologically complex. One of the first targets captured by Russian troops after the invasion of Ukraine was the dismantled Chernobyl nuclear power plant. The facility is located 10 miles from the Belarusian border within a 1,660 square mile exclusion zone, most of which is located in Ukraine. Control of the largely uninhabited area gives Russian forces the possibility of approaching Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, from the northwest along the shortest route without having to cross the Dnieper River into hostile territory.
In a statement, the head of the international nuclear control body noted that the occupation of the site contravenes two of the seven indispensable pillars of nuclear safety that he had established a few days earlier. Insurgents could get their hands on radioactive material to make dirty bombs, so they certainly don't want loose nuclear material floating around, he told NBC News. Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is “extremely concerned about the events at the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant that Russian forces captured in the early morning of March 3.Ukraine relies heavily on nuclear power to supply its power grid, which accounts for more than 50 percent of the country's total generation capacity. It also responds to out-of-the-ordinary faults and events, thus ensuring efficient energy production and safety.
In addition, the NRC conducts regular safety briefings for senior executives and safety managers in the nuclear industry to ensure they are up to date with the latest relevant intelligence data. Safety measures are especially strict for the vital area, which contains the reactor and associated security systems, the control room, the spent fuel pool and the main security alarm stations. Reports that the largest nuclear power plant in Ukraine and Europe is under the control of Russian forces are of serious concern, said the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Rafael Mariano Grossi on Sunday. This included allowing the NRC to authorize security officers to carry certain advanced weapons and increasing federal penalties for sabotage and bringing unauthorized weapons to a nuclear power plant.
Ukraine has 15 operational nuclear reactors located in four plants spread across the country and four reactors out of service in Chernobyl, site of the worst man-made disaster. Ukraine's nuclear regulator has informed the IAEA that it is having significant problems communicating with personnel operating Zaporizhzhya, due to Russian forces on site disconnecting some mobile networks and blocking the Internet. . .