Evidence over six decades shows that nuclear energy is a safe means of generating electricity. Risk of accidents at nuclear power plants is low and declining. The consequences of an accident or terrorist attack are minimal compared to other commonly accepted risks. Nuclear power plants are among the safest and safest facilities in the world.
However, accidents can occur that negatively affect people and the environment. To minimize the likelihood of an accident, IAEA helps Member States apply international safety standards to strengthen the safety of nuclear power plants. The nuclear industry prides itself on having security in its DNA. That means that safety is the top priority and that every decision, step and precaution is based on that approach.
Industry continues to be recognized as one of the safest industrial work environments in the nation. If you ever visit a nuclear plant, you'll immediately see the industry's commitment to safety. Layer after layer of redundant and diverse security systems are part of an approach to security called “defense in depth”. This means that there are several overlapping safety levels designed to prevent the accidental release of radiation.
Some of these barriers include the rods that coat the reactor's uranium fuel, the huge steel vessels and pipes that contain the fuel rods and cooling system, and a highly robust building that houses the reactor, which is made of steel-reinforced concrete several feet thick. In-depth defense essentially means that there are many things that keep nuclear plants and neighboring communities safe. But the nuclear industry goes one step further to ensure that plants not only meet, but exceed, standards created by the federal government. Like in-depth defense in the plant, there are additional layers of supervision.
The industry formed an independent third party called the Nuclear Energy Operations Institute (INPO) to establish best practices and conduct regular evaluations of plant performance in terms of safety and operations. INPO's mission is to promote the highest levels of safety and reliability to promote excellence in plant operation. The World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) does similar work internationally. Nuclear power plants consistently receive high WANO and INPO ratings and safety levels continue to rise.
Multiple and overlapping safety systems, commitment to safety culture and training, an independent regulator, and peer review organizations such as INPO are part of the many elements that ensure that nuclear plants operate safely and intelligently. Study after study in leading scientific journals found that nuclear power plants are by far the safest way to produce reliable electricity. So why are we so afraid of them?. Nuclear power plants maintain the highest standards for operational safety, cybersecurity and emergency preparedness.
Comprehensive industry safety procedures and strict federal regulations keep our plants and neighboring communities safe. Nuclear energy is a clean energy source with no emissions. Current consumption of nuclear energy already reduces more than 555 million metric tons of emissions each year. With NRC oversight and layers of safety precautions, a nuclear plant is one of the safest industrial environments in the United States.
While some energy sources depend on weather conditions, such as solar and wind energy, nuclear energy has no such limitations. There are many pros and cons to nuclear energy, and it's important to understand both sides to get an idea of what this energy resource is capable of doing. Nuclear fission (the process used to generate nuclear energy) releases much greater amounts of energy than simply burning fossil fuels such as gas, oil, or coal. One of the first things most people think about when they hear a nuclear power plant is the Chernobyl disaster.
In addition, some countries such as India, China and Russia are already working to use the greenest and most abundant thorium to power nuclear reactors. The cost of producing electricity from nuclear energy is much lower than the cost of producing energy from gas, coal, or oil, unless those resources are located near the power plant they supply. . .