What is nuclear radiation safety?

One of the best ways to be prepared is to understand the principles of radiation protection of time, distance and shielding. During a radiological emergency (a large release of radioactive material into the environment), we can use these principles to help protect ourselves and our families. An accident at a nuclear power plant, a nuclear explosion, or a dirty bomb are examples of radiation emergencies. If something like this happens, you may be asked to enter a building and take shelter for a while instead of leaving.

The walls of your home can block much of the harmful radiation. Because radioactive materials weaken over time, staying indoors for at least 24 hours can protect you and your family until it's safe to leave the area. Entering a building and staying there is called sheltering in place. Ionizing radiation is addressed in specific OSHA standards for general industry, marine and construction.

While some shipyard employment operations are covered by the OSHA Standard for Fissile Material Uses in Shipbuilding and Repair (29 CFR 1915.5), the General Industry Standard for Ionizing Radiation (29 CFR 1910.109) also applies throughout the maritime sector to activities on ships and in land, including in the employment of shipyards, maritime terminals (see 29 CFR 1917.1 (a) (vii)) and dockers (see 29 CFR 1918.1 (b) () (). The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) protects people and the environment from unnecessary radiation exposure as a result of civil uses of nuclear materials. In a large-scale radiological release, such as an accident at a nuclear power plant or a terrorist incident, the following tips have been proven and proven to provide maximum protection. The building standard for ionizing radiation (29 CFR 1926.5) incorporates by reference the provisions of the general industry standard (29 CFR 1910.109), in addition to requiring a competent person to perform activities involving the use of radioactive materials or x-rays (see 29 CFR 1926.53 (b)).

To that end, the NRC requires nuclear power plants, research reactors and other medical, industrial and academic licensees to use and store radioactive materials in a manner that eliminates unnecessary exposure and protects workers from radiation and the public. DOE owns and operates numerous nuclear facilities throughout the country, including research laboratories, reactors, accelerators, nuclear materials and weapons production facilities, and nuclear material and radioactive waste storage facilities. The IAEA promotes a strong and sustainable global nuclear safety framework in Member States, working to protect individuals, society and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.